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Hip Adductors Help Improve Lateral Quickness in Soccer


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Improve Lateral Quickness by Strengthening Your Hip Adductors

The hip adductors are one of the major muscle groups that need to be strengthened for any athlete looking to improve lateral quickness, or, side to side movements.  They do this by bringing your legs towards the midline of your body as well as across the body.

This action is known as hip adduction and this type of movement occurs during running sports like football, soccer, baseball and basketball to name a few. They are also used in specific skills such as kicking in soccer as well as activities like horseback riding where inward pressure by your thighs is required to maintain a firm and stable riding posture.  See Figure 1 for the hip adductors in action.

hip adductors improve lateral quickness

Figure 1. The Hip Adductor Muscles.

Anatomy of the Hip Adductors

There are four  muscles on each side of the body that make up your hip adductors.   Their names are: 1) Adductor Longus, 2) Adductor Brevis, 3) Adductor Magnus, and 4) Gracilis.  These muscles are shown in Figure 2 below:

improve lateral quickness

Figure 2.  The Hip Adductor Muscles

Strengthening the Hip Adductors Will Improve Lateral Quickness

By far, the most popular way to strengthen your hip adductors is using a machine at the gym.  However, there are several other methods using the resistance band that are highly recommend, too.  One of them is to use the resistance band as this will give you more of a variety when it comes to targeting these muscles.  Plus, you can even exercise at home with resistance bands which make them one of my go-to recommendations for athletes looking to improve lateral quickness.

Ultimately, you, as an athlete, will want to do as many different types of exercises as possible to assist in the strengthening of these muscles. This means that outside of exercising these muscles with weights or bands, you could do cone drills and lateral running on a field or court to improve lateral quickness.  In fact, the combination of weights, bands and simple lateral running is more than sufficient to bring these muscles up to speed.

Innervation, or, Nerve Supply of the Hip Adductors

The nerve supply to the all of the hip adductors is from the Obturator nerve.  The Adductor Magnus receives additional nerve supply from the Great Sciatic Nerve. See Figure 3:

hip adductor nerves

Figure 3. Nerve supply of the hip adductors.

Antagonists of the Hip Adductors

Muscles that work opposite the hip adductors are the hip abductors.  Antagonist muscles are very important as they help return the joint back to its neutral position whenever it is moved.  Plus, to prevent injury, you will always want to make sure each muscle you exercise is properly balanced with exercises in the opposite direction.



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